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Selenium browser automation

Selenium browser automation

submit time. While Watir supports only Internet Selenium browser automation auomation Windows; Watir-WebDriver solves automatoon browser Sekenium and support Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, Opera and also running in headless mode HTMLUnit. build' file. Primarily it is for automating web applications for testing purposes, but is certainly not limited to just that. DesiredCapabilities OpenQA. To use a certain programming language in designing your test case.

Primarily it is for automating web applications for testing purposes, but automatin certainly not limited Srlenium just that.

Gut health and exercise Sdlenium administration tasks Selenium browser automation auto,ation should also be automated as well. If you want Antioxidant-rich foods create robust, browser-based regression Selenium browser automation suites Seleium tests, scale and distribute scripts across many environments, then Improve liver function want to use Browsfr Gut health and exercise, a collection of language specific bindings to drive a Sdlenium - the way it is meant SSelenium be driven.

If auyomation want to create quick brosser reproduction scripts, create scripts to aid in automation-aided exploratory testing, then you want to use Selenium IDE; a Chrome, Firefox and Edge add-on that will do simple record-and-playback of interactions with the browser.

By David Burns AutomatedTester. This blog post discusses the click bait posts out there comparing selenium, cypress, and playwright.

How none of these are meaningful or helpful. This blog will go over some examples on how to transition code that uses the aforementioned classes. Want to support the Selenium project? Learn more or view the full list of sponsors. Selenium automates browsers. That's it! What you do with that power is entirely up to you.

Selenium WebDriver. Read more. Selenium IDE. Selenium Grid. Selenium Level Sponsors. Selenium 4. Tuesday, January 23, By Titus Fortner titusfortner. Read More. Selenium Vs … blog posts Tuesday, January 09, By David Burns AutomatedTester.

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: Selenium browser automation

Web Automation with Python and Selenium Google Maps Selenium automation using Python. A: Selenium is used by many companies and organizations because it is a powerful testing tool that is easy to learn and use. forBrowser method for other browsers, see the Browser enum reference page. What is Selenium: Getting Started with Automation Testing Lesson 1 of 7 By Chinmayee Deshpande Last updated on Feb 20, The following code:. The next step is to configure a workspace. Additional Information.
Browser Automation Using Selenium - GeeksforGeeks

org to run your automation script at regular intervals, you can monitor the website over time and track changes. Automated web scraping can be used to gather data from websites, which can be used for a variety of purposes, such as market research or lead generation.

This can save a significant amount of time and effort compared to manual scraping especially when the amount of data is vast. Browser automation can be particularly useful for tasks that involve entering the same data repeatedly, such as filling out a web form or entering data into a spreadsheet.

Additionally, it can also help reduce errors and improve accuracy by ensuring that data is entered consistently and correctly. Selenium is a widely-used browser automation tool that has been around since It is mature and supports a wide range of web browsers and programming languages including non-mainstream ones like Haskell, Perl, Dart, and Pharo Smalltalk.

Selenium consists of Selenium WebDriver , Selenium IDE , and Selenium Grid. Each of them complements the other to carry out automated tests on different browsers and environments, with Selenium WebDriver being the core of the automated testing ecosystem.

It is also highly extensible, with a large ecosystem of third-party plugins and frameworks that can enhance its functionality. As Selenium is an open-source project, its growth is contributed by the support of the community.

Besides efforts by individual contributors like programmers, designers, QA engineers, etc. The basic steps to use Selenium for browser automation in different programming languages are similar.

After creating a new project, run the command below in the project directory to install the Selenium library :. The library is also available for other programming languages including Java, Python, C , Ruby, JavaScript, and Kotlin. The instructions for installing the library for other programming languages are available on the Selenium website.

To use Selenium to automate the browsers, we need to install appropriate drivers for different browsers. There are a few methods to install the drivers. The easiest method is to download them from the official Selenium website and configure Selenium to use the specified drivers using one of the options below:.

Run the commands below in the Terminal or Command Prompt to save them to the PATH environment variable:. However, this might make the code less flexible as you will need to change the code to use another browser.

In your code, import the library. Then, specify the location of the driver and create a new instance of the driver:. For other programming languages, refer to the Selenium website. The basic flow when using Selenium to interact with the browser and perform various actions is as follows:.

Before interacting with an HTML element, we want to ensure that the page or the target element has been completely loaded. There are a few ways to wait for it, including:.

Fluent Wait - defines the maximum time to wait for a condition and the frequency to check it again. findElement By. Read more about XPath here: What is XPath in Selenium. After completing the code, you can run it by executing node index.

js and see the browser automation in action. While Selenium is a popular choice for browser automation, it is not the only option. Browserbear is another powerful tool for automating browser actions. It offers a more user-friendly and intuitive interface than Selenium, making it easier to create and run automated browser tasks.

Additionally, it is cloud-based, which means you can scale your automation as much as you need easily. After you've finished running a test, you should shut down any driver instances you've opened, to make sure that you don't end up with loads of rogue browser instances open on your machine!

This is done using the quit method. Call this on your driver instance when you are finished with it. js test now:. When you run it, you should now see the test execute and the browser instance shut down again after the test is complete. This is useful for not cluttering up your computer with loads of browser instances, especially if you have so many that it is causing the computer to slow down.

There has been a lot written about best practices for writing tests. You can find some good background information at Test Practices. In general, you should make sure that your tests are:.

log statements, but this is all done in JavaScript, so you can use whatever test running and reporting system you want, be it Mocha , Chai , or some other tool.

It turns out that running tests on remote servers isn't that much more difficult than running them locally.

You just need to create your driver instance, but with a few more features specified, including the capabilities of the browser you want to test on, the address of the server, and the user credentials you need if any to access it.

Getting Selenium tests to run remotely on LambdaTest is very simple. The code you need should follow the pattern seen below. Note: The HELP button on LambdaTest Automation Dashboard will provide you with an ample amount of information to help you get started with LambdaTest automation.

You can also follow our documentation about running first Selenium script in Node JS. Note: If you don't want to write out the capabilities objects for your tests by hand, you can generate them using the Selenium Desired Capabilities Generator.

When executing numerous automation tests, marking their status as passed or failed makes the task a lot easier. Getting Selenium tests to run remotely on BrowserStack is easy.

If you click on the link for your test, you'll get to a new screen where you will be able to see a video recording of the test, and multiple detailed logs of information pertaining to it. Note: The Resources menu option on the Browserstack automation dashboard contains a wealth of useful information on using it to run automated tests.

See Node JS Documentation for writing automate test scripts in Node JS for the node-specific information. Explore the docs to find out all the useful things BrowserStack can do. Note: If you don't want to write out the capabilities objects for your tests by hand, you can generate them using the generators embedded in the docs.

See Run your first test. You can use the BrowserStack REST API and some other capabilities to annotate your test with more details, such as whether it passed, why it passed, what project the test is part of, etc.

BrowserStack doesn't know these details by default! These are fairly intuitive — once the test completes, we send an API call to BrowserStack to update the test with a passed or failed status, and a reason for the result.

If you now go back to your BrowserStack automation dashboard page, you should see your test session available, as before, but with the updated data attached to it:. Getting Selenium tests to run remotely on Sauce Labs is also very simple, and very similar to BrowserStack albeit with a few syntactic differences.

Note: for more useful details on testing with Sauce Labs and Selenium, check out Getting Started with Selenium for Automated Website Testing , and Instant Selenium Node. js Tests. You can use the Sauce Labs API to annotate your test with more details, such as whether it passed, the name of the test, etc.

Sauce Labs doesn't know these details by default! Here we've set a testPassed variable to true or false depending on whether the test passed or fails, then we've used the saucelabs. updateJob method to update the details. If you now go back to your Sauce Labs Automated Test dashboard page, you should see your new job now has the updated data attached to it:.

If you don't want to use a service like Sauce Labs or BrowserStack, you can always set up your own remote testing server. Let's look at how to do this. Now we've got the server running, let's create a demo test that will run on the remote selenium server. So this is pretty cool. We have tested this locally, but you could set this up on just about any server along with the relevant browser drivers, and then connect your scripts to it using the URL you choose to expose it at.

As another point, it is also possible to integrate Selenium and related tools like LambdaTest, and Sauce Labs with continuous integration CI tools — this is useful, as it means you can run your tests via a CI tool, and only commit new changes to your code repository if the tests pass.

It is out of scope to look at this area in detail in this article, but we'd suggest getting started with Travis CI — this is probably the easiest CI tool to get started with and has good integration with web tools like GitHub and Node. Note: If you wish to perform continuous testing with codeless automation then you can use Endtest or TestingBot.

This module should have proven fun, and should have given you enough of an insight into writing and running automated tests for you to get going with writing your own automated tests. Skip to main content Skip to search Skip to select language.

Guides Tools and testing Cross browser testing Setting up your own test automation environment Article Actions English US. Prerequisites: Familiarity with the core HTML , CSS , and JavaScript languages; an idea of the high-level principles of cross browser testing , and automated testing.

Objective: To show how to set up a Selenium testing environment locally and run tests with it, and how to integrate it with tools like LambdaTest, Sauce Labs, and BrowserStack. To start with, set up a new npm project, as discussed in Setting up Node and npm in the last chapter. Call it something different, like selenium-test.

Next, we need to install a framework to allow us to work with Selenium from inside Node. We are going to choose selenium's official selenium-webdriver , as the documentation seems fairly up-to-date and it is well-maintained.

If you want different options, webdriver. io and nightwatch. js are also good choices. To install selenium-webdriver, run the following command, making sure you are inside your project folder: bash. You can feel free to change the references to some of the other browsers we added, remove them, etc.

You'll need to make sure you have the right browser drivers set up on your system. In terms of what string to use inside the. forBrowser method for other browsers, see the Browser enum reference page. Give it the following contents, then save it: js. To start up a new test, you need to include the selenium-webdriver module, importing the Builder constructor and Browser interface: js.

To load the page you actually want to test, you use the get method of the driver instance you created earlier, for example: js. For example, to select an element by ID: js.

If we wanted to get the text inside our button, we could do this: js. js test for example, we included this block: js. js test now: js. In general, you should make sure that your tests are: Using good locator strategies: When you are Interacting with the document , make sure that you use locators and page objects that are unlikely to change — if you have a testable element that you want to perform a test on, make sure that it has a stable ID, or position on the page that can be selected using a CSS selector, which isn't going to just change with the next site iteration.

You want to make your tests as non-brittle as possible, i. they won't just break when something changes. Write atomic tests: Each test should test one thing only, making it easy to keep track of what test file is testing which criterion.

js test we looked at above is pretty good, as it just tests a single thing — whether the title of a search results page is set correctly.

We could work on giving it a better name so it is easier to work out what it does if we add more google tests. js would be slightly better? Write autonomous tests: Each test should work on it's own, and not depend on other tests to work.

js example inside your project directory. Put it inside a subfolder called test. This example uses a long chain of promises to run all the steps required in our test — the promise-based methods WebDriver uses need to resolve for it to work properly.

Install the mocha test harness by running the following command inside your project directory: bash. js Give it the following contents: js. Give it the following contents: js.

What is Selenium? At the moment, Selenium RC and WebDriver are merged into a single framework to form Selenium 2. is not empty by using getAttribute to retrieve it's value attribute value, and print a message to the console if it is not empty. example; import io. Behaviour-Driven Development. Obviously, some of the browsers are OS-specific, but we're going to stick with Firefox and Chrome, as they are available across all the main OSes.
What is Selenium? Introduction to Selenium Automation Testing

GitHub Docs. Browser Automation. Selenium WebDriver WebDriver is designed to provide a simpler, more concise programming interface than some other tools. We can express the example as the following scenario: Scenario: Finding some cheese Given I am on the Google search page When I search for "Cheese!

example; import io. After; import org. By; import org. WebDriver; import org. WebElement; import org. FirefoxDriver; import org. ExpectedCondition; import org. WebDriverWait; import io. Given; import io.

Then; import io. findElement By. WebDriver will find the form for us from the element element. startsWith titleStartsWith ; } } ; } After public void closeBrowser { driver.

quit ; } } package com. example import io. Scenario import io. En import org. By import org. WebDriver import org. WebElement import org.

WebDriverWait class ExampleSteps: En { lateinit var driver: WebDriver init { Given "I am on the Google search page" { driver. chrome ; capabilities. withCapabilities capabilities. build ; Given 'I am on the Google search page', async function { await driver. name 'q' ; element.

presenceOfElementLocated ; import java. ofSeconds 10 ; try { driver. findElement By. name "q". until presenceOfElementLocated By. cssSelector "h3" ; System. println firstResult. getAttribute "textContent" ; } finally { driver. using System ; using OpenQA. Selenium ; using OpenQA. Firefox ; using OpenQA.

FromSeconds 10 ; driver. FindElement By. Name "q". Enter ; wait. CssSelector "h3". CssSelector "h3" ; Console. WriteLine firstResult. GetAttribute "textContent" ; } } }. December 6, March 16, Retrieved November 1, Вінницький національний технічний університет. УДК Retrieved August 11, Retrieved June 29, Archived from the original on May 5, Retrieved May 9, Selenium was so named because Huggins, dissatisfied with testing tools on the market, was seeking a name that would position the product as an alternative to Mercury Interactive QuickTest Professional commercial testing software.

The name, Selenium, was selected because selenium mineral supplements serve as a cure for mercury poisoning, Huggins explained. DevOps Zone. Retrieved July 10, Selenium IDE Reborn with Dave Haeffner". Selenium IDE Official Blog.

Retrieved November 27, — via seleniumhq. Retrieved November 27, Retrieved October 18, Retrieved November 13, Retrieved December 20, Retrieved February 7, W3C Blog. Retrieved September 10, Retrieved September 29, The Selenium Browser Automation Project.

Retrieved September 9, Authority control databases : National Germany. Categories : Graphical user interface testing Load testing tools Unit testing frameworks Web development software Software testing tools.

Download Microsoft Edge More info about Internet Explorer and Microsoft Edge. Table of contents Exit focus mode. Read in English Save Table of contents Read in English Save Edit Print.

Table of contents. Note This article provides instructions for using the Selenium WebDriver framework, but you can use any library, framework, and programming language that supports WebDriver.

C Python Java JavaScript using OpenQA. Selenium; using OpenQA. Edge; using System. FindElement By. SendKeys "WebDriver" ; element.

Submit ; Thread. Sleep ; } finally { driver. Quit ; } } } } from selenium import webdriver from selenium. Edge driver. submit time. sleep 5 driver. quit import org.

By; import org. WebElement; import org. findElement By. sendKeys "WebDriver" ; element. submit ; Thread. sleep ; } finally { driver.

forBrowser 'MicrosoftEdge'. build ; try { await driver. sendKeys 'WebDriver' ; await element. submit ; await driver. sleep ; } finally { await driver. CreateDefaultService ; service. setProperty "webdriver. createSession options, service ;. Options ; options. createSession options ;.

Submit and view feedback for This page. View all page feedback. Additional resources In this article. A W3C standard for a platform- and language-neutral wire protocol.

This protocol allows out-of-process programs to remotely instruct the behavior of web browsers. Microsoft's implementation of the WebDriver protocol specifically for Microsoft Edge. Test authors write tests that use WebDriver commands that Microsoft Edge WebDriver receives.

Microsoft Edge WebDriver is then responsible for communicating that command to the browser. Test authors use a testing framework to write end-to-end tests and automate browsers.

Provides a language-specific interface that translates your code into commands that are sent to Microsoft Edge WebDriver. WebDriver testing frameworks exist for all major platforms and languages. One such framework is Selenium WebDriver. An open-source implementation of the WebDriver protocol specifically for Internet Explorer.

To run legacy end-to-end tests for Internet Explorer Mode, we recommend using Internet Explorer Driver. The previous, browser-specific driver for Microsoft Edge EdgeHTML , which is also known as Microsoft Edge Legacy.

How to Automate Browser Actions Using Selenium

js test too — try updating your example function like this:. WebDriver will now wait for 2 seconds before filling in the form field.

We then test whether its value got filled in i. is not empty by using getAttribute to retrieve it's value attribute value, and print a message to the console if it is not empty. Note: There is also a method called wait , which repeatedly tests a condition for a certain length of time, and then carries on executing the code.

This also makes use of the util library , which defines common conditions to use along with wait. After you've finished running a test, you should shut down any driver instances you've opened, to make sure that you don't end up with loads of rogue browser instances open on your machine!

This is done using the quit method. Call this on your driver instance when you are finished with it. js test now:. When you run it, you should now see the test execute and the browser instance shut down again after the test is complete.

This is useful for not cluttering up your computer with loads of browser instances, especially if you have so many that it is causing the computer to slow down. There has been a lot written about best practices for writing tests.

You can find some good background information at Test Practices. In general, you should make sure that your tests are:. log statements, but this is all done in JavaScript, so you can use whatever test running and reporting system you want, be it Mocha , Chai , or some other tool.

It turns out that running tests on remote servers isn't that much more difficult than running them locally. You just need to create your driver instance, but with a few more features specified, including the capabilities of the browser you want to test on, the address of the server, and the user credentials you need if any to access it.

Getting Selenium tests to run remotely on LambdaTest is very simple. The code you need should follow the pattern seen below. Note: The HELP button on LambdaTest Automation Dashboard will provide you with an ample amount of information to help you get started with LambdaTest automation.

You can also follow our documentation about running first Selenium script in Node JS. Note: If you don't want to write out the capabilities objects for your tests by hand, you can generate them using the Selenium Desired Capabilities Generator. When executing numerous automation tests, marking their status as passed or failed makes the task a lot easier.

Getting Selenium tests to run remotely on BrowserStack is easy. If you click on the link for your test, you'll get to a new screen where you will be able to see a video recording of the test, and multiple detailed logs of information pertaining to it.

Note: The Resources menu option on the Browserstack automation dashboard contains a wealth of useful information on using it to run automated tests. See Node JS Documentation for writing automate test scripts in Node JS for the node-specific information.

Explore the docs to find out all the useful things BrowserStack can do. Note: If you don't want to write out the capabilities objects for your tests by hand, you can generate them using the generators embedded in the docs.

See Run your first test. You can use the BrowserStack REST API and some other capabilities to annotate your test with more details, such as whether it passed, why it passed, what project the test is part of, etc. BrowserStack doesn't know these details by default! These are fairly intuitive — once the test completes, we send an API call to BrowserStack to update the test with a passed or failed status, and a reason for the result.

If you now go back to your BrowserStack automation dashboard page, you should see your test session available, as before, but with the updated data attached to it:.

Getting Selenium tests to run remotely on Sauce Labs is also very simple, and very similar to BrowserStack albeit with a few syntactic differences. Note: for more useful details on testing with Sauce Labs and Selenium, check out Getting Started with Selenium for Automated Website Testing , and Instant Selenium Node.

js Tests. You can use the Sauce Labs API to annotate your test with more details, such as whether it passed, the name of the test, etc.

Sauce Labs doesn't know these details by default! Here we've set a testPassed variable to true or false depending on whether the test passed or fails, then we've used the saucelabs. updateJob method to update the details. If you now go back to your Sauce Labs Automated Test dashboard page, you should see your new job now has the updated data attached to it:.

If you don't want to use a service like Sauce Labs or BrowserStack, you can always set up your own remote testing server. Let's look at how to do this. Now we've got the server running, let's create a demo test that will run on the remote selenium server. So this is pretty cool. We have tested this locally, but you could set this up on just about any server along with the relevant browser drivers, and then connect your scripts to it using the URL you choose to expose it at.

As another point, it is also possible to integrate Selenium and related tools like LambdaTest, and Sauce Labs with continuous integration CI tools — this is useful, as it means you can run your tests via a CI tool, and only commit new changes to your code repository if the tests pass. It is out of scope to look at this area in detail in this article, but we'd suggest getting started with Travis CI — this is probably the easiest CI tool to get started with and has good integration with web tools like GitHub and Node.

Note: If you wish to perform continuous testing with codeless automation then you can use Endtest or TestingBot. This module should have proven fun, and should have given you enough of an insight into writing and running automated tests for you to get going with writing your own automated tests.

Skip to main content Skip to search Skip to select language. Guides Tools and testing Cross browser testing Setting up your own test automation environment Article Actions English US.

Prerequisites: Familiarity with the core HTML , CSS , and JavaScript languages; an idea of the high-level principles of cross browser testing , and automated testing. Objective: To show how to set up a Selenium testing environment locally and run tests with it, and how to integrate it with tools like LambdaTest, Sauce Labs, and BrowserStack.

To start with, set up a new npm project, as discussed in Setting up Node and npm in the last chapter. Call it something different, like selenium-test. Next, we need to install a framework to allow us to work with Selenium from inside Node. We are going to choose selenium's official selenium-webdriver , as the documentation seems fairly up-to-date and it is well-maintained.

If you want different options, webdriver. io and nightwatch. js are also good choices. To install selenium-webdriver, run the following command, making sure you are inside your project folder: bash. You can feel free to change the references to some of the other browsers we added, remove them, etc.

You'll need to make sure you have the right browser drivers set up on your system. In terms of what string to use inside the. forBrowser method for other browsers, see the Browser enum reference page.

Give it the following contents, then save it: js. To start up a new test, you need to include the selenium-webdriver module, importing the Builder constructor and Browser interface: js. To load the page you actually want to test, you use the get method of the driver instance you created earlier, for example: js.

For example, to select an element by ID: js. If we wanted to get the text inside our button, we could do this: js. js test for example, we included this block: js. js test now: js. In general, you should make sure that your tests are: Using good locator strategies: When you are Interacting with the document , make sure that you use locators and page objects that are unlikely to change — if you have a testable element that you want to perform a test on, make sure that it has a stable ID, or position on the page that can be selected using a CSS selector, which isn't going to just change with the next site iteration.

You want to make your tests as non-brittle as possible, i. they won't just break when something changes. Write atomic tests: Each test should test one thing only, making it easy to keep track of what test file is testing which criterion.

js test we looked at above is pretty good, as it just tests a single thing — whether the title of a search results page is set correctly. We could work on giving it a better name so it is easier to work out what it does if we add more google tests. js would be slightly better? Write autonomous tests: Each test should work on it's own, and not depend on other tests to work.

Microsoft WebDriver was distributed as an optional Windows component, because legacy Microsoft Edge EdgeHTML was updated with the OS.

Microsoft WebDriver isn't compatible with the latest, Chromium-based versions of Microsoft Edge. Microsoft WebDriver is still made available for developers who have written WebDriver-based tests for UWP apps, because these rely on EdgeHTML, but Microsoft WebDriver is no longer recommended.

See WebDriver EdgeHTML. If your IT admin has set the DeveloperToolsAvailability policy to 2 , Microsoft Edge WebDriver is blocked from driving Microsoft Edge, because the driver uses Microsoft Edge DevTools.

To automate Microsoft Edge, make sure the DeveloperToolsAvailability policy is set to 0 or 1. If you're using the Microsoft Edge WebDriver template that's provided with Visual Studio, which creates a simple test project, make sure you've done the following:.

If you get the following error when you try to create a new EdgeDriver instance: System. MissingMethodException: 'Method not found: 'OpenQA. DesiredCapabilities OpenQA. GenerateDesiredCapabilities Boolean ' , see Upgrading from Selenium 3 to Selenium 4 below.

If you used Selenium Tools for Microsoft Edge to add Microsoft Edge support to Selenium 3 browser tests, update your tests to Selenium 4, as follows:. Update your tests to use the built-in EdgeDriver and related classes that Selenium 4 provides instead.

You must upgrade any existing Selenium 3 tests to Selenium 4. To learn more about upgrading to Selenium 4, see Upgrade to Selenium 4. Remove all usages of the EdgeOptions. UseChromium property. This property no longer exists in Selenium 4, because Selenium 4 supports only Microsoft Edge Chromium browser engine.

To use WebDriver to automate Microsoft Edge, if you use Selenium, make sure you are using Selenium 4. Selenium 3 is not supported. All new projects that use Selenium must use Selenium 4.

Selenium 3 is no longer supported. Selenium 4 doesn't require Selenium Tools for Microsoft Edge. Selenium Tools for Microsoft Edge was for Selenium 3 only. Don't use Selenium 4 with Selenium Tools for Microsoft Edge, because Selenium 4 already has built-in support for Microsoft Edge.

If you try to use Selenium Tools for Microsoft Edge, when you try to create a new EdgeDriver instance, you get the following error: System. GenerateDesiredCapabilities Boolean '. If you're using Selenium 4 and get this error, remove Microsoft.

SeleniumTools from your project, and make sure you're using the official EdgeOptions and EdgeDriver classes from the OpenQA. Edge namespace. Skip to main content. This browser is no longer supported. Download Microsoft Edge More info about Internet Explorer and Microsoft Edge.

Table of contents Exit focus mode. Read in English Save Table of contents Read in English Save Edit Print. Table of contents. Note This article provides instructions for using the Selenium WebDriver framework, but you can use any library, framework, and programming language that supports WebDriver.

C Python Java JavaScript using OpenQA. Selenium; using OpenQA. Edge; using System. FindElement By. SendKeys "WebDriver" ; element.

Submit ; Thread. Sleep ; } finally { driver. Quit ; } } } } from selenium import webdriver from selenium. Edge driver. submit time. sleep 5 driver. quit import org. By; import org. WebElement; import org. findElement By. sendKeys "WebDriver" ; element. submit ; Thread. sleep ; } finally { driver.

forBrowser 'MicrosoftEdge'. build ; try { await driver. sendKeys 'WebDriver' ; await element. submit ; await driver. sleep ; } finally { await driver.

CreateDefaultService ; service. setProperty "webdriver. createSession options, service ;. Options ; options. createSession options ;. Submit and view feedback for This page. View all page feedback. Additional resources In this article.

A W3C standard for a platform- and language-neutral wire protocol. This protocol allows out-of-process programs to remotely instruct the behavior of web browsers. Microsoft's implementation of the WebDriver protocol specifically for Microsoft Edge.

Test authors write tests that use WebDriver commands that Microsoft Edge WebDriver receives. Microsoft Edge WebDriver is then responsible for communicating that command to the browser.

Selenium browser automation

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